Volume 108, Number 5, December 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||04 December 2014|
Instanton-noninstanton transition in nonintegrable tunneling processes: A renormalized perturbation approach
1 Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University - Minami-Osawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
2 Science and Technology Section, General Education Division, College of Engineering, Chubu University Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501, Japan
3 College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University - Noji-higashi 1-1-1, Kusatsu 525, Japan
Received: 24 September 2014
Accepted: 12 November 2014
The instanton-noninstanton (I-NI) transition in the tunneling process, which has been numerically observed in classically nonintegrable quantum maps, can be described by a perturbation theory based on an integrable Hamiltonian renormalized so as to incorporate the integrable part of the map. The renormalized perturbation theory is successfully applied to the two quantum maps, the Hénon and standard maps. In spite of the different nature of tunneling in the two systems, the I-NI transition exhibits very common characteristics. In particular, the manifestation of I-NI transition is obviously explained by a remarkable quenching of the renormalized transition matrix element. The enhancement of tunneling probability after the transition can be understood as a sudden change of the tunneling mechanism from the instanton to quite a different mechanism supported by classical flows just outside of the stable-unstable manifolds of the saddle on the top of the potential barrier.
PACS: 05.45.Mt – Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods / 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos / 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics
© EPLA, 2014
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