Volume 115, Number 5, September 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||14 October 2016|
Friction-induced shear thickening: A microscopic perspective
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Georg-August University of Göttingen - Friedrich-Hund Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
Received: 20 June 2016
Accepted: 23 September 2016
We develop a microscopic picture of shear thickening in dense suspensions which emphasizes the role of frictional forces, coupling rotational and translational degrees of freedom. Simulations with contact forces and viscous drag only, reveal pronounced shear thickening with a simultaneous increase in contact number and energy dissipation by frictional forces. At high densities, when the translational motion is severely constrained, we observe liquid-like gear states with pronounced relative rotations of the particles coexisting with solid-like regions which rotate as a whole. The latter are stabilised by frustrated loops which become more numerous and persistent with increasing pressure, giving rise to an increasing lengthscale of this mosaique-like structure and a corresponding increase in viscosity.
PACS: 45.70.-n – Granular systems / 83.80.Hj – Suspensions, dispersions, pastes, slurries, colloids / 83.60.Rs – Shear rate-dependent structure (shear thinning and shear thickening)
© EPLA, 2016
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