Volume 116, Number 4, November 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||28 December 2016|
Thermally activated creep and fluidization in flowing disordered materials
Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, Institut Lumière Matière - F-69622, Villeurbanne, France
Received: 5 August 2016
Accepted: 7 December 2016
When submitted to a constant mechanical load, many materials display power law creep followed by fluidization. A fundamental understanding of these processes is still far from being achieved. Here, we characterize creep and fluidization on the basis of a mesoscopic viscoplastic model that includes thermally activated yielding events and a broad distribution of energy barriers, which may be lowered under the effect of a local deformation. We relate the creep exponent observed before fluidization to the width of barrier distribution and to the specific form of stress redistribution following yielding events. We show that Andrade creep is accompanied by local strain hardening driven by stress redistribution and find that the fluidization time depends exponentially on the applied stress. The simulation results are interpreted in the light of a mean-field analysis, and should help in rationalizing the creep phenomenology in disordered materials.
PACS: 62.20.Hg – Creep / 63.50.Lm – Glasses and amorphous solids / 83.60.La – Viscoplasticity; yield stress
© EPLA, 2016
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