Volume 116, Number 6, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||25 January 2017|
Statistical properties for directional alignment and chasing of players in football games
Department of Physics, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
Received: 10 November 2016
Accepted: 13 January 2017
Focusing on motion of two interacting players in football games, two velocity vectors for the pair of one player and the nearest opponent player exhibit strong alignment. Especially, we find that there exists a characteristic interpersonal distance below which the circular variance for their alignment decreases rapidly. By introducing the order parameter in order to measure the degree of alignment of the players' velocity vectors, we also find that the angle distribution between the nearest players' velocity vectors becomes of wrapped Cauchy type and the mixture of von Mises and wrapped Cauchy distributions , respectively. To understand these findings, we construct a simple model for the motion of the two interacting players with the following rules: chasing between the players and the reset of the chasing. We numerically show that our model successfully reproduces the results obtained from the actual data. Moreover, from the numerical study, we find that there is another characteristic distance below which player's chasing starts.
PACS: 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 02.50.-r – Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
© EPLA, 2016
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