Volume 116, Number 6, December 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||08 February 2017|
Game among interdependent networks: The impact of rationality on system robustness
1 State Key Lab. of Industrial Control Technology, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou, 310027, China
2 School of Mathematics, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou, 310027, China
Received: 10 October 2016
Accepted: 16 January 2017
Many real-world systems are composed of interdependent networks that rely on one another. Such networks are typically designed and operated by different entities, who aim at maximizing their own payoffs. There exists a game among these entities when designing their own networks. In this paper, we study the game investigating how the rational behaviors of entities impact the system robustness. We first introduce a mathematical model to quantify the interacting payoffs among varying entities. Then we study the Nash equilibrium of the game and compare it with the optimal social welfare. We reveal that the cooperation among different entities can be reached to maximize the social welfare in continuous game only when the average degree of each network is constant. Therefore, the huge gap between Nash equilibrium and optimal social welfare generally exists. The rationality of entities makes the system inherently deficient and even renders it extremely vulnerable in some cases. We analyze our model for two concrete systems with continuous strategy space and discrete strategy space, respectively. Furthermore, we uncover some factors (such as weakening coupled strength of interdependent networks, designing a suitable topology dependence of the system) that help reduce the gap and the system vulnerability.
PACS: 89.75.Fb – Structures and organization in complex systems / 89.75.Hc – Networks and genealogical trees / 87.23.Ge – Dynamics of social systems
© EPLA, 2016
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