Spin-polarized tunneling into helical edge states: Asymmetry and conductances
1 NRC “Kurchatov Institute”, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute - Gatchina, 188300 Russia
2 St. Petersburg State University - 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034 Russia
Received: 13 January 2017
Accepted: 27 February 2017
We consider tunneling from the spin-polarized tip into the Luttinger liquid edge state of quantum spin Hall system. This problem arose in the context of the spin and charge fractionalization of an injected electron. Renormalization of the dc conductances of the system is calculated in the fermionic approach and scattering states formalism. In the lowest order of the tunneling amplitude we confirm previous results for the scaling dependence of conductances. Going beyond the lowest order we show that the interaction affects not only the total tunneling rate, but also the asymmetry of the injected current. The helical edge state forbids the backscattering, which leads to the possibility of two stable fixed points in the renormalization group sense, in contrast to the Y-junction between the usual quantum wires.
PACS: 71.10.Pm – Fermions in reduced dimensions (anyons, composite fermions, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 73.43.Jn – Tunneling / 71.27.+a – Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions
© EPLA, 2017