Valence state of Sm in single-crystalline EuO thin films
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids (MPI CPfS) - Nöthnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden, Germany
Received: 9 January 2017
Accepted: 28 March 2017
Samarium has two stable valence states, 2+ and 3+, which coexist in many compounds forming spatially homogeneous intermediate valence states. We study the valence state of samarium when incorporated in a single crystalline EuO thin film which crystallizes in a fcc structure similar to that of the intermediate valence SmO, but with a larger lattice constant. Due to the increased lattice spacing, a stabilization of the larger Sm2+ ion is expected. Surprisingly, the samarium incorporated in SmxEu1−xO thin films shows a predominantly trivalent character, as determined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and magnetometry measurements. We infer that the O2− ions in the EuO lattice have enough room to move locally, so as to reduce the Sm-O distance and stabilize the Sm3+ valence.
PACS: 79.60.Dp – Adsorbed layers and thin films / 75.70.Ak – Magnetic properties of monolayers and thin films / 03.65.Vf – Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological
© EPLA, 2017