Volume 117, Number 6, March 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Topological phase transition from nodal to nodeless d-wave superconductivity in electron-doped cuprate superconductors
1 State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics and Department of Physics, Tsinghua University Beijing 100084, China
2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter - Beijing 100084, China
Received: 9 March 2017
Accepted: 5 May 2017
Unlike the hole-doped cuprates, both nodal and nodeless superconductivity (SC) are observed in the electron-doped cuprates. To understand these two types of SC states, we propose a unified theory by considering the two-dimensional model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) long-range ordering state. Within the slave-boson mean-field approximation, the d-wave pairing symmetry is still the most energetically favorable even in the presence of the external AF field. In the nodal phase, it is found that the nodes carry vorticity and are protected by the adjoint symmetry of time-reversal and one unit lattice translation. Robust edge modes are obtained, suggesting the nodal d-wave SC being a topological weak-pairing phase. As decreasing the doping concentration or increasing the AF field, the nodes with opposite vorticity annihilate and the nodeless strong-pairing phase emerges. The topological phase transition is characterized by a critical point with anisotropic Bogoliubov quasiparticles, and a universal understanding is thus established for all electron-doped cuprates.
PACS: 74.72.Ek – Electron-doped / 74.20.Rp – Pairing symmetries (other than s-wave) / 74.25.-q – Properties of superconductors
© EPLA, 2017
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