Volume 118, Number 3, May 2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||07 July 2017|
Two-dimensional topological superconducting phases emerged from d-wave superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets
1 State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics and Department of Physics, Tsinghua University Beijing 100084, China
2 Department of Physics, Boston College - Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter - Beijing 100084, China
Received: 10 April 2017
Accepted: 14 June 2017
Motivated by the recent observations of nodeless superconductivity in the monolayer CuO2 grown on the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ substrates, we study the two-dimensional superconducting (SC) phases described by the two-dimensional model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator. We found that i) the nodal d-wave SC state can be driven via a continuous transition into a nodeless d-wave pairing state by the proximity-induced AF field. ii) The energetically favorable pairing states in the strong field regime have extended s-wave symmetry and can be nodal or nodeless. iii) Between the pure d-wave and s-wave paired phases, there emerge two topologically distinct SC phases with symmetry, i.e., the weak and strong pairing phases, and the weak pairing phase is found to be a Z2 topological superconductor protected by valley symmetry, exhibiting robust gapless nonchiral edge modes. These findings strongly suggest that the high-Tc superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets can realize fully gapped symmetry-protected topological SC.
PACS: 74.20.Rp – Pairing symmetries (other than s-wave) / 74.25.-q – Properties of superconductors
© EPLA, 2017
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