Volume 120, Number 4, November 2017
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||13 February 2018|
Transmission properties in a photonic crystal with a Dirac-like point located at the Brillouin zone center
1 Department of Physics, Capital Normal University - Beijing 100048, China
2 School of Science, China University of Geosciences - Beijing, 100083, China
Received: 22 September 2017
Accepted: 23 January 2018
Light transmission properties of a two-dimensional dielectric photonic crystal (PC) with a Dirac-like point located at the Brillouin zone center are studied. The results show that at the Dirac-like point, the transmittance remains constant rather than inversely varying with the PC's thickness, that is, this transmission does not follow the pseudo-diffusive phenomenon. Moreover, since the PC with a Dirac point at the Brillouin zone center can mimic zero index material (ZIM), transmittance of a real homogeneous ZIM layer is also theoretically investigated. Invariant transmittance is obtained again and the constant transmittance at the Dirac-like point is confirmed. Physical mechanisms of the pseudo-diffusive transmission as well as the constant transmission are both analyzed. It is found that the Dirac point is a critical state between band gaps and transmission bands, where the wave vector takes a complex number. It is the imaginary part of the wave vector which causes the decrease of the transmittance. While at the Dirac-like point at the center of the Brillouin zone, an additional flat band makes the Dirac point frequency fall into a transmission band where the wave vector is a real number, therefore the transmittance does not display any decrease tendency.
PACS: 42.25.Bs – Wave propagation, transmission and absorption / 78.67.Pt – Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials / 42.70.-a – Optical materials
© EPLA, 2018
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