Volume 121, Number 1, January 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||07 March 2018|
Imitate or innovate: Competition of strategy updating attitudes in spatial social dilemma games
1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Nyíregyháza - Nyíregyháza, Hungary
2 School of Cyberspace, Hangzhou Dianzi University - Hangzhou 310018, China
3 Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science, Centre for Energy Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
Received: 20 December 2017
Accepted: 16 February 2018
Evolution is based on the assumption that competing players update their strategies to increase their individual payoffs. However, while the applied updating method can be different, most of previous works proposed uniform models where players use identical way to revise their strategies. In this work we explore how imitation-based or learning attitude and innovation-based or myopic best-response attitude compete for space in a complex model where both attitudes are available. In the absence of additional cost the best response trait practically dominates the whole snow-drift game parameter space which is in agreement with the average payoff difference of basic models. When additional cost is involved then the imitation attitude can gradually invade the whole parameter space but this transition happens in a highly nontrivial way. However, the role of competing attitudes is reversed in the stag-hunt parameter space where imitation is more successful in general. Interestingly, a four-state solution can be observed for the latter game which is a consequence of an emerging cyclic dominance between possible states. These phenomena can be understood by analyzing the microscopic invasion processes, which reveals the unequal propagation velocities of strategies and attitudes.
PACS: 87.23.Kg – Dynamics of evolution / 87.23.Cc – Population dynamics and ecological pattern formation / 89.65.-s – Social and economic systems
© EPLA, 2018
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