Volume 121, Number 6, March 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||17 May 2018|
Traffic dynamics of carnival processions
1 Universität Duisburg-Essen, Physik von Transport und Verkehr - Lotharstr. 1, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
2 Festkomitee des Kölner Karnevals von 1823 e.V. - Maarweg 134-136, 50825 Köln, Germany
Received: 16 January 2018
Accepted: 27 April 2018
The traffic dynamics of processions are described in this study. GPS data from participating groups in the Cologne Rose Monday processions 2014–2017 are used to analyze the kinematic characteristics. The preparation of the measured data requires an adjustment by a specially adapted algorithm for the map matching method. A higher average velocity is observed for the last participant, the Carnival Prince, than for the leading participant of the parade. Based on the results of the data analysis, for the first time a model can be established for defilading parade groups as a modified Nagel-Schreckenberg model. This model can reproduce the observed characteristics in simulations. They can be explained partly by the constantly moving vehicle driving ahead of the parade leaving the pathway and partly due to a spatial contraction of the parade during the procession.
PACS: 89.40.-a – Transportation / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion
© EPLA, 2018
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