Volume 127, Number 4, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||12 September 2019|
Runaway electron generation in axisymmetric tokamak geometry
Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Received: 26 April 2019
Accepted: 12 August 2019
The generation of relativistic electrons in tokamak plasmas has been the subject of extensive research due to their intrinsic interest as well as the threat they pose to reactor-scale tokamak devices. Runaway electron generation becomes particularly robust for the very large inductive electric fields that are often present during tokamak disruptions. In this letter we show that when such large inductive electric fields are present, the physics of how tokamak geometry impacts runaway generation processes is qualitatively modified compared to the more commonly studied limit of weak inductive electric-field strengths. This modification leads to a significant increase in the efficiency of all runaway generation processes.
PACS: 52.55.Fa – Tokamaks, spherical tokamaks / 52.25.Dg – Plasma kinetic equations / 52.65.Pp – Monte Carlo methods
© EPLA, 2019
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