Volume 127, Number 4, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||20 September 2019|
Effects of trapped electrons and impurity ions on ITG modes in reversed-field pinch plasmas
1 School of Physics, Nankai University - Tianjin 300071, PRC
2 College of Science, Civial Aviation University of China - Tianjin 300300, PRC
3 Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla fusione - Corso Stati Uniti 4, Padova 35127, Italy
4 Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou 310027, PRC
5 Southwestern Institute of Physics - Chengdu 610041, PRC
Received: 7 May 2019
Accepted: 20 August 2019
The ion temperature gradient (ITG) driven electrostatic modes in reversed-field pinch (RFP) plasma are studied with inclusion of trapped electrons and impurity ions in the gyrokinetic integral equation. The effects of magnetic shear, safety factor, electron density gradient, electron to ion temperature ratio, temperature gradient of trapped electrons are studied. As is well known, the ITG modes in RFPs are more stable than that in tokamaks, and are hard to be excited. However, it is demonstrated that the impurity ions with density gradients opposite to those of primary ions enhance the ITG instabilities. The trapped electrons also have a destabilization effect on ITG modes. In addition, trapped electron modes are found unstable in certain parameter regimes when the ion temperature gradient does not exist.
PACS: 52.25.Vy – Impurities in plasmas / 52.30.Gz – Gyrokinetics / 52.25.Xz – Magnetized plasmas
© EPLA, 2019
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