Volume 131, Number 6, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Published online||02 November 2020|
Dynamical complexity in Swarm electron density time series using Block entropy
1 Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou St., Penteli, 15236 Athens, Greece
2 Space Applications & Research Consultancy, SPARC - 10551 Athens, Greece
3 Department of Physics, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens - Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 15784 Athens, Greece
4 Hellenic Space Center - 15231 Athens, Greece
5 Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - 00143 Rome, Italy
6 INAF- Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali - 00133 Rome, Italy
Received: 18 June 2020
Accepted: 14 September 2020
Our goal in this study is to investigate the dynamical complexity of the electron density profiles in the topside ionosphere as measured by the Swarm mission, employing the use of symbolic information-theoretic techniques. We perform a Block entropy analysis for a time interval associated with the most intense magnetic storm of solar cycle 24, which occurred on 17 March 2015. We produce entropy maps for varying degrees of magnetospheric disturbance, resolving the different effects that the various geomagnetic activity levels have in the dynamics of the complex magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling system. Understanding the impact of these effects on the ionospheric plasma constitutes a crucial factor for the functionality of the modern technological infrastructure operating around the Earth and, thus, human welfare.
PACS: 94.05.Sd – Space weather / 94.30.Lr – Magnetic storms, substorms / 89.75.-k – Complex systems
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