Volume 132, Number 5, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||11 January 2021|
Dipolar drift and collective instabilities of skyrmions in crossed nonuniform electric and magnetic fields in a chiral magnetic insulator
1 Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University - Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
2 Russian Academy of Sciences, Nuclear Safety Institute (IBRAE) - B. Tulskaya 52, Moscow, 115191, Russian Federation
Received: 11 December 2019
Accepted: 23 October 2020
Skyrmions dynamics in the approximation of point-particle skyrmions is considered in the multiferroic insulators, where the spiral magnetic structure is accompanied by finite electric dipole moment. The skyrmion motion is studied in the gradients of perpendicular magnetic and electric fields. The nonuniform magnetic field with a fixed gradient magnitude leads to the spiral motion, where skyrmion circulates in the plane perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field. The frequency of circulation is fixed by the derivative of the external magnetic field and the magnitude of the dipole moment. Application of the additional electric field leads to the drift motion of skyrmions resulting in the magneto-dipolar Hall effect, the electric field is perpendicular to the magnetic field, but their gradients have the same direction. Hydrodynamics of the gas of interacting skyrmions in the crossed nonuniform electric and magnetic fields shows the new type of hydrodynamical instability caused by the drift motion. Three regimes of instability are described.
PACS: 61.82.Ms – Insulators / 12.39.Dc – Skyrmions
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