Volume 133, Number 4, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Published online||30 March 2021|
Analysis on components of characteristic X-ray yield of pure thick targets by positron impact near threshold energy
1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Passive Safety Technology for Nuclear Energy, School of Nuclear Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University - Beijing 102206, China
2 Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences - Beijing 100049, China
Received: 21 September 2020
Accepted: 15 January 2021
In the process of low-energy positron impact with pure thick target, the atomic inner-shell ionization is induced by not only the incident positrons whose energy is completely deposited in the target but also the other particles produced during positron-target collision, namely, the backscattered positrons that deposited part of their energy before escaping the target, the annihilation photons and the secondary electrons. In this paper, the W-M characteristic X-ray yields of two pure thick targets with different diameters impacted by a positron accelerated by the negative high voltage to 5–9 keV have been measured. The contributions from annihilation photons, secondary electrons, backscattered positrons, and the non-uniform electromagnetic field in the target chamber to the characteristic X-ray yields have been evaluated by the realistic Monte Carlo simulation. Besides, Nagashima et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett., 92 (2004) 223201) neglected the contribution from annihilation photons, secondary electrons and backscattered positrons to the yields when calculating the cross-section by the characteristic X-ray yields of thick target impacted by a positron. Here we also caculated the contribution share of the above particles to the Cu-K and the Ag-L characteristic X-ray yields of pure thick target impact by positrons below 30 keV. The results show that the contributions from the above components are non-negligible. Hence, it is necessary to modify the experimental yields for obtaining the accurate yields of pure thick targets by non-backscattered positron impact.
PACS: 34.80.Dp – Atomic excitation and ionization / 34.80.Gs – Molecular excitation and ionization
© 2021 EPLA
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