Volume 139, Number 3, August 2022
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Fluid and nonlinear dynamics|
|Published online||05 August 2022|
Stick-slip contact line motion on Kelvin-Voigt model substrates
1 HTW Dresden - Friedrich-List-Platz 1, 01069 Dresden, Germany
2 TU Bergakademie Freiberg - Akademiestrasse 6, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
3 Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS) - 37077 Göttingen, Germany
(a) email@example.com (corresponding author)
Received: 11 January 2022
Accepted: 4 May 2022
The capillary traction of a liquid contact line causes highly localized deformations in soft solids, tremendously slowing down wetting and dewetting dynamics by viscoelastic braking. Enforcing nonetheless large velocities leads to the so-called stick-slip instability, during which the contact line periodically depins from its own wetting ridge. The mechanism of this periodic motion and, especially, the role of the dynamics in the fluid have remained elusive, partly because a theoretical description of the unsteady soft wetting problem is not available so far. Here we present the first numerical simulations of the full unsteady soft wetting problem, with a full coupling between the liquid and the solid dynamics. We observe three regimes of soft wetting dynamics: steady viscoelastic braking at slow speeds, stick-slip motion at intermediate speeds, followed by a region of viscoelastic braking where stick-slip is suppressed by liquid damping, which ultimately gives way to classical wetting dynamics, dominated by liquid dissipation.
© 2022 The author(s)
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