Volume 139, Number 3, August 2022
|Number of page(s)
|Fluid and nonlinear dynamics
|01 August 2022
Spontaneous transport of water nanodroplets on graphene and hexagonal boron nitride in-plane heterostructure
1 Institute of Theoretical Physics, State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Shanxi University - Taiyuan 030006, China
2 Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Zhejiang Normal University - Jinhua 321004, China
Received: 23 May 2022
Accepted: 15 July 2022
Developing a surface inducing water droplets to transport spontaneously is very important to energy conversion. Here we demonstrate by the molecular dynamics simulations that a water nanodroplet on graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) in-plane heterostructure can move spontaneously from the narrower end of the wedge-shaped h-BN track to the wider end. The driving force comes from the capillary force caused by the surface energy gradient at the edge of the connection, which is attributed to the different interactions of the water nanodroplet with graphene and h-BN. The energy analysis shows that the h-BN acts as a driving force, while graphene as a hindrance. We analyze the forces exerted on the water droplet and propose a theoretical model which indicates that the moving speed of the water nanodroplet can be controlled by the wedge angle and temperature. The present study suggests that the graphene/h-BN heterostructure is a potential material for driving droplets motion and can be explored to find applications in microfluidic systems.
© 2022 EPLA
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