Volume 141, Number 1, January 2023
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Atomic, molecular and optical physics|
|Published online||04 January 2023|
A road toward zero-spacing photonic waveguides and circuits
1 National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, School of Physics, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University - Nanjing, 210093, China
2 School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University - Suzhou, 215006, China
(a) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (corresponding author)
Received: 13 September 2022
Accepted: 28 October 2022
Like their electronic counterparts, photonic integrated circuits face the challenge of further integration and miniaturization. One of the fundamental limitations comes from waveguide spacing, which leads to serious crosstalk between the neighboring waveguides when it is less than half a wavelength. Here we demonstrate a potential approach to remove this limitation and realize zero-spacing photonic waveguides with extreme compactness. This is achieved by designing pure-dielectric photonic crystal waveguides with shifted spatial dispersion and arranging them with normal dielectric waveguides alternately. Amazingly, the coupling and crosstalk between the two types of waveguides are negligible despite the zero spacing between them. Through proper designs, zero-spacing photonic bending waveguides and circuits can also be realized in practice. Such a finding opens a new avenue for ultra-compact photonic waveguides and circuits with 100% space utilization efficiency.
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