Volume 141, Number 5, March 2023
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed matter and materials physics|
|Published online||02 March 2023|
Continuum modeling of soft glassy materials under shear
1 Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata” - Via della Ricerca Scientifica, I-00133 Rome, Italy
2 ENSL, CNRS, Laboratoire de physique - F-69342 Lyon, France
3 Univ. de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, Institut Lumire Matière - F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
4 Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) - Paris Cedex 05, France
5 Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology - P.O. Box 513, 9 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
6 CNR-IAC - Rome, Italy
(a) E-mail: email@example.com (corresponding author)
Received: 20 September 2022
Accepted: 15 February 2023
Soft Glassy Materials (SGM) consist in dense amorphous assemblies of colloidal particles of multiple shapes, elasticity, and interactions, which confer upon them solid-like properties at rest. They are ubiquitously encountered in modern engineering, including additive manufacturing, semi-solid flow cells, dip coating, adhesive locomotion, where they are subjected to complex mechanical histories. Such processes often include a solid-to-liquid transition induced by large enough shear, which results in complex transient phenomena such as non-monotonic stress responses, i.e., stress overshoot, and spatially heterogeneous flows, e.g., shear banding or brittle failure. In the present article, we propose a pedagogical introduction to a continuum model based on a spatially resolved fluidity approach that we recently introduced to rationalize shear-induced yielding in SGMs. Our model, which relies upon non-local effects, quantitatively captures salient features associated with such complex flows, including the rate dependence of the stress overshoot, as well as transient shear-banded flows together with non-trivial scaling laws for fluidization times. This approach offers a versatile framework to account for subtle effects, such as avalanche-like phenomena, or the impact of boundary conditions, which we illustrate by including in our model the elasto-hydrodynamic slippage of soft particles compressed against solid surfaces.
© 2023 The author(s)
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