Volume 88, Number 5, December 2009
Article Number 57007
Number of page(s) 6
Section Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties
Published online 14 December 2009
EPL, 88 (2009) 57007
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/88/57007

Analytical approach to semiconductor Bloch equations

M. Combescot1, O. Betbeder-Matibet1 and M. N. Leuenberger2

1   Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, CNRS, Campus Boucicaut 140 rue de Lourmel, 75015 Paris, EU
2   NanoScience Technology Center and Department of Physics, University of Central Florida 12424 Research Parkway Suite 400, Orlando, FL 32826, USA

received 10 July 2009; accepted in final form 16 November 2009; published December 2009
published online 14 December 2009

Although semiconductor Bloch equations have been widely used for decades to address ultrafast optical phenomena in semiconductors, they have a few important drawbacks: i) Coulomb terms between free electron-hole pairs require a Hartree-Fock treatment which, in its usual form, preserves excitonic poles but loses biexcitonic resonances. ii) The resulting coupled differential equations impose heavy numerics which completely hide the physics. This can be completely avoided if, instead of free electron-hole pairs, we use correlated pairs, i.e., excitons. Their interactions are easy to handle through the recently constructed composite-boson many-body theory. This allows us to obtain the time evolution of the polarization induced by a laser pulse analytically. Polarization is shown to come from Coulomb interactions between virtual excitons, but also from Coulomb-free fermion exchanges, these being dominant at large detuning.

71.35.-y - Excitons and related phenomena.

© EPLA 2009